How to attain the middle and best part of Paradise – Hadith

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The Prophet (s) said, “Treat my Companions well, and those who come after them and those who come after them. Then lies will become widespread such that a man will swear an oath before he is asked to swear an oath, and he will bear witness before he is asked to bear witness. Whoever desires to attain the middle and best part of Paradise, let him adhere to the jama’ah (congregation of Muslims), for indeed the Shaytan is with the one who is alone and he is further from two. Let no man seclude himself privately with a woman for the third will be Shaytan. Indeed, whoever is saddened by his bad deeds and is delighted by his good deeds, then he is truly a believer.”

[Ahmad, declared sahih by al-Albani in his ‘al-Silsilah al-Sahihah]

 

‘Shirk’ – the worst major sin – and its consequence

Its You we worship and You we ask for help

The omission of any of the mentioned categories of  tawheed (i.e. Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah | Tawheed al-Asmaa-was-Sifaat | Tawheed al-Ibaadah.) or deficiency in the fulfillment of any criteria of Tawheed is referred to as ‘shirk’.(Please note that the Arabic word ‘Shirk’ has the same sound as in the English word ‘ship’ and not as in the English word ‘shirk’,which means ‘to evade’.

‘Shirk’ literally means sharing or associating partners. In Islamic terms it means associating partners with Allah and is equivalent to idolatry.

Shirk is the greatest sin that Allah will never forgive:

The Qur’an describes the greatest sin in Surah Al-Nisa’:

“Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgives anything else, to whom He pleases; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin most heinous indeed.”
[Al-Qur’an 4:48]

 

The same message is repeated in Surah Al-Nisa’:

“Allah forgives not (the sin of) joining other gods
with Him; but He forgives whom He pleases other sins than this: one who joins other gods with Allah, has strayed far, far away (from the Right).”
[Al-Qur’an 4:116]

Shirk leads to hell fire:

The Qur’an says in Surah Ma’idah:

“They have certainly disbelieved who say, “Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary” while the Messiah has said, “O Children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Indeed, he who associates others with Allah – Allah has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers.”
[Al-Qur’an 5:72]

Worship and Obedience to none but Allah:

The Qur’an mentions in Surah Ali-’Imran:

“Say: “O People of the Book! come to common terms as between us and you: That we worship none but Allah; that we associate no partners with him; that we erect not, from among ourselves, Lords and patrons other than Allah.” If then they turn back, say ye: “Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims (bowing to Allah’s Will).”
[Al-Qur’an 3:64]

The Glorious Qur’an says:

“And if whatever trees upon the earth were pens and the sea [was ink], replenished thereafter by seven [more] seas, the words of Allah would not be exhausted. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.”
[Al-Qur’an 31:27]

Our analysis of Concept of God in various Religion shows that monotheism is an integral part of every major religion of the world. However, it is unfortunate that some adherents of these religions violate the teachings of their own scriptures and have set up partners to Almighty God.

An analysis of the scriptures of various religions, reveals that all scriptures exhort mankind to believe in, and submit to One God. All these scriptures condemn the association of partners to God, or the worship of God in the form of images. The Glorious Qur’an says:

“O men! Here is a parable set forth! listen to it! Those on whom, besides Allah, you call, cannot create (even) a fly, if they all met together for the purpose! and if the fly should snatch away anything from them, they would have no power to release it from the fly. Feeble are those who petition and those whom they petition!”
[Al-Qur’an 22:73]

The basis of religion is the acceptance of Divine guidance. A rejection of this guidance has serious implications for society. While we have made great strides in science and technology, true peace still eludes us. All ‘isms’ have failed to provide the much vaunted deliverance.

Tawheed and its types

Islam believes in ‘Tawheed’ which is not merely monotheism i.e. belief in one God, but much more. Tawheed literally means ‘unification’ i.e. ‘asserting oneness’ and is derived from the Arabic verb ‘Wahhada’ which means to unite, unify or consolidate.

Tawheed can be divided into three categories.

1. Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah
2. Tawheed al-Asmaa-was-Sifaat
3. Tawheed al-Ibaadah.

1. Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah (maintaining the unity of Lordship)

The first category is ‘Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah’. ‘Ruboobeeyah’ is derived from the root verb “Rabb” meaning Lord, Sustainer and Cherisher.
Therefore ‘Tawheed-ar-Ruboobeeyah’ means maintaining the unity of Lordship. This category is based on the fundamental concept that Allah (swt) alone caused all things to exist when there was nothing. He created or originated all that exists out of nothing. He alone is the sole Creator, Cherisher, and Sustainer of the complete universe and all between it, without any need from it or for it.

2. Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat (maintaining the unity of Allah’s name and attributes):

The second category is ‘Tawheed al Asmaa was Sifaat’ which means maintaining the unity of Allah’s name and attributes. This category is divided into five aspects:

(2.1) Allah should be referred to as described by Him and His Prophet

Allah must be referred to according to the manner in which He and His prophet have described Him without explaining His names and attributes by giving them meanings other than their obvious meanings.

(2.2) Allah must be referred to as He has referred to Himself

Allah must be referred to without giving Him any new names or attributes. For example Allah may not be given the name Al-Ghaadib (the Angry One), despite the fact that He has said that He gets angry, because neither Allah nor His messenger have used this name.

(2.3) Allah is referred to without giving Him the attributes of His creation

In a reference to God, we should strictly abstain from giving Him the attributes of those whom He has created. For instance in the Bible, God is portrayed as repenting for His bad thoughts in the same way as humans do when they realize their errors. This is completely against the principle of Tawheed. God does not commit any mistakes or errors and therefore never needs to repent.

The key principle when dealing with Allah’s attributes is given in the Qur’an in Surah Ash Shur

“There is nothing Whatever like unto Him, And He is the One That hears and sees (all things).”
   [Al-Qur’an 42:11]

Hearing and seeing are human faculties. However, when attributed to the Divine Being they are without comparison, in their perfection, unlike when associated with humans who require ears, eyes, etc. and who are limited in their sight and hearing in terms of space, time, capacity, etc.

(2.4) God’s creation should not be given any of His attributes

To refer to a human with the attribute of God is also against the principle of Tawheed. For example, referring to a person as one who has no beginning or end (eternal).

(2.5) Allah’s name cannot be given to His creatures

Some Divine names in the indefinite form, like ‘Raoof’ or ‘Raheem’ are permissible names for men as Allah has used them for Prophets; but ‘Ar-Raoof’ (the Most Pious) and Ar-Raheem (the most Merciful) can only be used if prefixed by ‘Abd’ meaning ‘slave of’ or ‘servant of’ i.e. ’Abdur-Raoof’ or ‘Abdur-Raheem’. Similarly ‘Abdur-Rasool’ (slave of the Messenger) or ‘Abdun-Nabee’ (slave of the Prophet) are forbidden.

3. Tawheed al-Ibaadah (maintaining the unity of worship):

(3.1) Definition and meaning of ‘Ibadaah’:

‘Tawheed al-Ibaadah’ means maintaining the unity of worship or ‘Ibaadah’. Ibaadah is derived from Arabic word ‘Abd’ meaning slave or servant. Thus Ibaadah means servitude and worship.

(3.2) All three categories to be followed simultaneously.

Only believing in the first two categories of Tawheed without implementing Tawheed-al-Ibaadah is useless. The Qur’an gives the examples of ‘Mushrikeens’ (idolaters) of the Prophet’s time who confirmed the first two aspects of Tawheed. It is mentioned in the Qur’an:

“Say: ‘Who is it that Sustains you (in life) From the sky and from the earth? Or who is it that Has power over hearing And sight? And who Is it that brings out The living from the dead And the dead from the living? And who is it that Rules and regulates all affairs?’ They will soon say, ‘Allah’. Say, ‘Will you not then Show piety (to Him)?’ “
  [Al-Qur’an 10:31]

A similar example is repeated in Surah Zukhruf of the Glorious Qur’an:

“If thou ask them, Who Created them, they will Certainly say, ‘Allah’: how Then are they deluded Away (from the Truth)?”
[Al-Qur’an 43:87]

The pagan Meccans knew that Allah (swt) was their Creator, Sustainer, Lord and Master. Yet they were not Muslims because they also worshipped other gods besides Allah. Allah (swt) categorised them as ‘Kuffaar’ (disbelievers) and ‘Mushrikeen’ (idol worshippers and those who associate partners with God).

“And most of them Believe not in Allah Without associating (others As partners) with Him!”
  [Al-Qur’an 12:106]

Thus ‘Tawheed al-Ibaadah’ i.e. maintaining the unity of worship is the most important aspect of Tawheed. Allah (swt) alone deserves worship and He alone can grant benefit to man for his worship.

People dearest to the Prophet (pbuh) – Hadith

Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) appointed him as the commander of the army of Dhaat al-Salaasil. He said: So I came to him and said, “Which of the people is dearest to you?” He said, “ ‘Aa’ishah.” I said, “Who among men?” He said, “Her father.” I said, “Then who?” He said, “Then ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab,” and he mentioned some other men.

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3662;  Muslim, 2384

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E1Q1. Allah says in Quran that He has given love and affection between husband and wife, so I wanted to know how did the Prophet tendered his love and affection to all his wives, in a nutshell I want to ask you the romantic life of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)?

A. Brother has asked a question that Quran says that “Allah has put love and mercy between the hearts of men and women.” What he is quoting is the verse of the Quran of Surah Al-Rum, Ch-30, V-21, where in Allah says, “Allah has put love and mercy in the hearts of men and women.” Many people think love!… means Haram! Taboo in Islam! See love is not taboo in Islam but done according to Quran and Hadith is right. Love what they have LBW in colleges; you know love before wedding, not in cricket. Love before wedding that you go to movie theatre alone and check on girlfriend, that’s all haram. But love between man and women done in a right way is good. Therefore beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said that, “If you have sex with your wife, its charity.” Sahaba said, “Having sex with wife! Charity? we don’t understand? Prophet said that, “Because you are not doing anything haram, you are not doing zinah (adultery), you are doing halal, that is charity”. So imagine! One thing you will find in the hadith that Masha’Allah unlike the other religious scriptures, when they talk about love making, when they talk of married life, many a times it seems to be obscene but in the example given in the Quran and the Hadith, Alhamdulillah are phenomenal and in the Quran it’s out of the question. The words used in the Quran… see a same thing can be described in a way that is Masha’Allah very modest, various example are there like Surah Al-Baqarah, Ch-2, V-221. Various examples you can find in the Quran. Where time will not give me permission to give all the examples unless you ask. Like there are many words used which are not obscene. Similarly we see the life of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), there are various Hadiths about how the Prophet behaved with his wife. What we learn in Medical Books, that when you have sex, foreplay is required, same thing is in the Hadith but in a good way.

Like in the Islamic Concept you feel that a wife cannot even call her husband’s name, she says, “Can’t call by name”, “Suniye…” (Listen…), means wife taking the name of her husband is taboo. There is no hadith saying wife taking name of her husband is wrong. Its fine you should respect your husband but “Suniye…”? How you behave is very important but in the hadith Prophet always said that, “you should not discuss the intimacy of husband and wife in public”. Therefore you won’t find any hadith talking about vulgarity, which you seem vulgar. Neither should you discuss about your wife with your friends also, about personal things, about other things you need advice what should you do, that is other thing but about the sexual relationship, it is not permissible for men to discuss with other men or women to discuss with other women, it is a personal thing. What is haram is mentioned in the Quran, few things are haram. Many people think “bahut haram, bahut halal” (lot of haram, lot of halal), Islam has so many Do’s and Don’ts. But there are only 70 major Do’s and Don’ts, minor are many. But in this world you can do million things. According to Imam Ad-Dhahabi there are 70 major sins, minor may be many more but percentage wise the Do’s and Don’ts are less than one percent. Out of 100 things only 1 percent may be coming in Dos and Don’ts. Similarly in the sexual life the Prophet has given hadith in which this is prohibited – as Allah says in the Quran in Surah Al-Baqarah, Ch-2, V-223, “Your wives are as a tilth unto you; so approach your tilth when or how ye will;…” but what is prohibited that you cannot approach from the rear private part which is prohibited. That’s it! Everything else is permitted. It’s very clear cut and which even scientifically anal sex is harmful. Anything else you can explore the way you want, its permitted, there may be certain things which may be ‘mustahab’ (recommended), certain things which may be ‘mubah’ (optional) , maybe ‘makroo’ (disliked) but what is haram (prohibited) has been specified. What is haram is haram and what is ‘Fardh’  is ‘Fardh’ (Obligatory), everything else comes in ‘Mubah’ or maybe ‘mustahab’ or ‘makroo’. Everything else comes in permissible. So to say anything is haram you have to get the text from the Quran or the Hadith. If you cannot support any of your text  for haram, everything becomes halal. So there are various hadith that Prophet spend time, sometimes more with this wife, sometimes that wife but overall he was equal. There are various instances that some of the wives were young, some of the wives played with things when they were very young, so the Prophet did permit, there are instances when Hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), she wanted to see the program that was there in the Arab custom that she wanted to watch so the hadith says that hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), she saw from one side of the Prophet, you know she climbed on the Prophet’s back but seeing to it that she maintains her hijab and she peeped above the shoulder, so that means a wife can even look from behind the husband’s back, can climb on husband’s back, so there are hundreds of hadith, you can give a talk only on this. What the prophet did, how did he laugh and how did he joke but everything was in the purview of the Sharia so what is haram you should know everything else is halal. There is no verse in the Quran that says calling the name of husband is haram so it is permissible, it may be the culture, “Suniye…”

The phycologists tell us that those who have pre-marital sex, they do not enjoy sex with the life partner, so the people who don’t have pre-marital sex, they enjoy the sexual life after marriage much more than the person who has pre-marital sex. There are statistics. So here you explore what you want to explore, you know what is haram, everything else you can explore and more you explore the more you enjoy. Hope that answers the question.

Q. You have differentiated Hinduism, Islam and Christianity. In all three Religions, there is good things for brotherhood – You have not explained brotherhood in Hinduism, brotherhood in Christianity?

A(Dr. Zakir): The brother said that I have spoken good things about Islam… Universal Brotherhood  – I have not spoken good things about Hinduism and Christianity. I did speak certain good things  – I did not speak everything about brotherhood in Hinduism and Christianity, because people may not be able to digest it here. These things what I am saying, people cannot digest –  I have to be patient. I know Christianity, I have studied the Bible; I have studied the Hindu  Scripture ; if I speak on that  – I am not here to create a rift. What I am here, to talk about the communalities  – so what is common I spoke. Hinduism says…‘Do not rob’ – Christianity says…‘Do not rob’  – do not molest… do not rape’ –  fine. Other things on Brotherhood  – do you know, just a sample I am giving you –  Jesus Christ (pbuh) said  – it is mentioned in the Gospel of Matthew, Ch. No. 10, V. No. 5 to 6  – It says…I am quoting Chapter No., Verse No., quoting  – there is no two doubts about it. He told the Apostles that…‘Go ye not in the way of the Gentiles –  But     rather go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel’. Who are the Gentiles? The Non Jews, the Hindus, the Christians… they are the Gentiles. ‘Do not throw pearls before pigs’… he calls us a pig  – And you want me to speak about that? Jesus Christ (pbuh) says in the Gospel of Matthew, Ch. No. 15, V. No. 24 –  he says that...‘I have not been sent but, to the lost sheep of the house of Israel’.  I am quoting –  Chapter No., Verse Number. So this means that, Religion is meant for the Jews – not for the whole Universe. In other Religions, the believe in monasticism… in monasticism. If you have to come closer to God, you have to renounce the world… you have to renounce the world  – Most of the Major Religions… Hinduism says that…Christianity says that…‘To come closer to God, you have to renounce the world’. Qur’an says in Surah Hadith, Ch. 57, V. No. 27, that…‘It is against Monasticism’. Monasticism is not allowed in Islam  – Our beloved Prophet said…‘There is no Monasticism’. It is mentioned in Sahih Bukhari, Vol. No. 7, in the Book of Nikah, Ch. No. 3, H. No. 4…‘O young people, whoever has the means to get married, should get married’ –  Hadith says that. If I agree, that if you renounce the world, you came closer to Almighty God –  and if every human being renounces the world today, then  within a span of 100 to 150 years, there will not be a single human being alive in this world. If every one practices this law throughout the world, where is the Universal Brotherhood? Therefore brother, I am only come to talk about the good points  – Unless you want to have knowledge about other Religions  – it is my job  – I have to speak the truth. Qur’an says in Surah Isra, Ch. No. 17, V. No. 81 …(Arabic)… ‘When truth is hurled against falsehood, falsehood perishes, for falsehood is by its nature, bound to perish’. Hope that answers the question.