A. (Dr. Zakir): The brother has posed a question that, at one place Holy Qur’an says that ‘human beings have been created from sperm’ which conciliates with modern science – the other place… ‘human being is created from dust’. Can you prove it scientifically – ‘it is created from dust?’ And isn’t there a contradiction – one place… ‘sperm’ – one place it says… ‘dust?’ The Holy Qur’an does say as I mentioned in my talk, in Surah Qiyamah, Ch.75, V. No. 37 to 39. It says that… ‘human beings have been created from sperm’ which has been proved by Science. The Holy Qur’an also says in Surah Hajj, Ch. No. 22, V. No. 5, that… ‘We have created the human beings from a quintessence of dust’. Today Science tells us that all the elements that are there in the human body – they are present in lesser or greater quantity, in the soil in the earth. So the statement that human beings have been created from earth is scientifically proven. That whatever components are there in the human body – the constituent, the elements – they are present in the Earth, in the soil, in lesser or greater proportion. Your second part of the question. Isn’t it a contradiction? One place the Qur’an says… ‘Man is created from sperm’ – one says… ‘from dust’ – Isn’t it a contradiction? See, a contradiction is two statements which are conflicting with each other, which cannot take place simultaneously. The Qur’an does not only say… ‘Man has been created from sperm’… and the other place… ‘from dust’- it also says in Surah Furqaan, Ch. No. 25, V. No. 54, that… ‘Man has been created from water’. You will tell me there are three contradictions. See, Science has proved that man has been created from dust, as well as from sperm, as well as from water. If I tell you in one statement, that to make a cup of tea, I require water. In the second statement, I say to make a cup of tea I require tea leaves or tea powder. It is not a contradiction – I require both. If I want to make sweet tea, I add sugar to it – If I want to make ‘Pani kum’ tea, I add less water and more milk. If I want to make ‘Sulaimani’ tea I add only water. So there is no contradiction when the Qur’an says… ‘Human being is created from sperm and dust and water’. It is actually contradistinction – What’s the meaning of contradistinction? Contradistinction means, speaking two or more things about a subject, which are not conflicting with each other. For example, if I say that… ‘this man – he is honest, he is kind and loving’- It is contradistinction. But if I say… ‘this man is always a liar and a truthful person’- then it is a contradiction, because both are opposing. If it is not opposing, it is called as a contradistinction.