A. (Dr Zakir): The main reason that Muslims keep on committing the same errors in the month of Ramadan regarding the rules and regulations of fasting, it is lack of knowledge of their deen, of the religion of Allah subhanwatala and major reason for this lack of knowledge is because most of the Muslims do not read the word of Allah subhanwatala, they do not read the Quran with understanding. Neither do they read the hadith, the authentic sayings of the last and final Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). What Muslims should do is read the Quran with understanding, read the sayings of the Prophet and the Seerah of the Prophet. Then inshallah atleast you will have the basic knowledge of our deen. Including the rules and regulations of fasting and Allah subhanwatala, he always opens up his pathways he gives guidance to the Muslims but there is a criteria to whom he does guide. Allah says in the Qurain in Surah Al-Ankaboot Ch. 29 V. 69 that “Those who strive in the way of Allah subhanwatala (those who do jihad fee-sabilillah), Allah opens his pathways for them”. So the criteria for us to get the guidance of Allah subhanwatala, is to strive in his way, do jihad in his way. And Allah says in Surah Al-Nahl Ch. 16 V.43 as well as in in surah Al-Ambiya Ch. 21 V. 7, Allah says, “fas-aloo ahli zikiri inkuntum la talamun” – which means “if you do not possess of or you doubt then ask the person who possesses the knowledge”. If you doubt anything ask the person who is knowledgeable and alhumdulilah we have in our ummah several Muslims who are scholars in this deen, so it’s our duty to ask these scholars, these people who have the knowledge of Islam regarding the rules and regulations of our deen. As far as fasting is concerned which is one of the most important pillars of Islam every Muslim should know atleast when is the time for fasting, what are the basic rules and regulations, and today in this age of science and technology it is very easy to find, it is only because of the negligence of the Muslim that makes him unaware of these things, it is very easy to know when is the time for fasting, when does fast begin, what is the time for sahoor, when is the time for iftaar for breaking the fast, what are the things that break the fast etc. etc. it is mainly because of the negligence and ignorance of the Muslims that we regularly keep on committing and falling into same mistakes.