Q. Can you please mention the criteria of people who are exempted from fasting in the month of Ramadan?

A. (by #drzakirnaik): There are in total 13 categories of people who are exempted from fasting

  1. If person is an unbeliever i.e. if he is a non-Muslim. *
  2. If he/she is a minor. *
  3. If he/she is insane.*
  4. If it’s a lady and she is menstruating. **
  5. If she has post-natal bleeding. **
  6. If she is pregnant. **
  7. If she is breastfeeding. **
  8. If a person is ill or sick. **
  9. If a person is disabled. ***
  10. If person is very elderly i.e. very old. ***
  11. If the person is travelling. **
  12. If the person is taking part in Jihad or fight in the cause of Allah. **
  13. Under compulsion. If someone forces the person to break the fast, he/she is exempted. **

*:  they do not have to make their fast late on.

**:  the moment the condition in which they are gets reversed then they have to make up for the fast they have missed before the next Ramadan.

***: do not have to make up for the fast but they have to pay the ransom – the feeding of a poor person for every fast that they miss.

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