Q. if a person has a wet dream while he is fasting, does it break the fast?

A. (#DrZakirNaik): if a person has a wet dream during the day while fasting, maybe after Fajar Salaah he sleeps and he has a wet dream it is involuntary. A person has a wet dream even if he ejaculates it is involuntary he is not to be blamed for that. So in this case as it is unintentional surely it will not break the fast and he can complete the fast and the thing which is advised to him is that he should have a ‘ghusul’ a bath as soon as possible so that he can offer the Salaah.

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Q. If a husband kisses his wife, is it permitted while fasting?

kissing and hugging while fasting
A. (#DrZakirNaik):
While fasting if a husband kisses his wife or hugs her or shows his love for her by kissing on the cheeks or the lips or the hands or embraces her, all these things are permissible as long as it does not encourage him to go into an act which is haraam during fasting and this is very well stated by Muhammad (peace be upon him). It is mentioned in Sahih Al-Bukhari, “Aisha r.a. says that the Prophet used to kiss and embrace his wives while fasting but he was best amongst you to control himself.” That means the prophet had the power to control. Similarly it is mentioned in Abu-Dawud, “Umar r.a. while fasting kissed his wife and immediately he feels sorry and he goes to the prophet and he says that ‘O Prophet i have sinned against you and Allah’ so Prophet says ’What have you done?’ he says ‘while fasting I kissed my wife’ so the prophet asked him that when you gargle or rinse your mouth while doing wudhu does your fast break?’ so Umar r.a. said “no!” so Prophet said Why bother?.  Another hadith in musnand ahmad says, “A young man comes to Prophet (peace be upon him) and asks him can I kiss my wife while I am fasting? The prophet says ‘No!’ later on an old man comes to the prophet and asks him can I kiss my wife while fasting? and the prophet says ‘Yes!’ So the sahabas look among themselves that how come the answer is differing then the Prophet replies ‘this man can control himself’.” So the basic ruling is if a person knows that he can control himself after kissing or hugging his wife and he is sure it won’t lead to an act which will nullify his fast, for example it will not lead to a sexual intercourse or will not lead to ejaculation as long as he can control himself, kissing and hugging is permissible. If he cannot control then it is prohibited for him. 

Q. Swallowing one’s own saliva during the fast, is it permissible act?

A. (#DrZakirNaik): It is a normal act, it is a natural act and science tells us there is several litres of saliva being secreted by the salivary gland every day. And it is natural that saliva a human being swallows it and it can’t be avoided. Allah says in the Quran in Surah Al-Baqarah Ch. 2 V. 185, after mentioning about fasting “….Allah subhanwatala wants to make it easy for you and does not want to put you into difficulty.” So but natural swallowing saliva is a normal act and I know that people keep on frequently spitting out and I have some of my friends who does such type of thing and say “its haraam to swallow!” And keep on spitting and imagine if you have to do that full day you cannot even offer your Salaah properly. Because when you offer Salaah it takes few minutes and in few minutes the saliva gets gathered. So will you be concentrating on spitting the saliva or Allah subhanwatala? If you read the Quran you have to keep on spitting on the side always and I know some people who always keep a container and spitting out not knowing the ruling so if a person swallows the normal saliva that comes into the mouth it cannot be avoided at all. Same way a person breathes in the dust when a person goes to the city which is polluted and there is dust particles and you breath that and some of it goes into our lungs so all this is permissible because it is a normal day to day act and do not violate your fast at all.

Q. Is bathing allowed while fasting?

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A. (#DrZakirNaik): As far as bathing is concerned i.e. Ghusul, whether it is done for a religious fardh if you are in a state of ‘junub’ i.e. sexual defilement or whether it is done to clean your body to remove dirt or you feeling sticky or bathing is done if you are feeling thirsty or you are feeling hot whatever reason it is done for as long as the person does not swallow water the fast does not get invalidated. Bathing is permissible while fasting and there are several hadith to show it is permitted. It is mentioned in Sahih Al-Bukhari that “Aisha (may Allah be please with her) says that Prophet got up from his sleep in a state of ‘junub’ (sexual defilement) while he was fasting and he took a bath and he continued his fast.” That means bathing is compulsory here as he had intercourse with his wife. Further if you read in Sunan Abu-Dawood, “Hazrat Abu Bakar (may Allah be pleased with him) says he heard a man saying that when the Prophet had gone to Al-Araje while he was fasting he poured water over his head because he was feeling thirsty or feeling hot”. So if you are feeling hot you are allowed to have a bath.  Furthermore it is mentioned in Sahih Bukhari that, ”Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) he soaked his garment in water and he wore it”. In same chapter it says, “Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) had a tub of water in which he used to sit while he was fasting”.